If you’re thinking of selling your home or condo you may have been wondering how to paint the place yourself. Repainting and touching up the place could attract more buyers, allow for a quicker sale, and potentially earn you more money than a home without a redo. A painter I refer a number of my clients to has provided a wealth of information to help you tackle the job yourself. If you want a professional ~ I would be glad to send you his contact info
Painting: Walls, Ceilings and Floors
Painting is not the chore it used to be. A professional look is now easier to achieve. Whatever your project, talk to the paint experts where you purchase your paint. They are a valuable resource.
There are two main types of paint depending on the thinners and binders used; water-based (or latex) and oil-based (or alkyd).
These VOCs can be a strong irritant and can add to air pollution. Once the paint has completely dried and formed a tough skin, the emission levels drop. However, some paints can emit odours at low levels for a long time.
Exposure to VOCs varies from person to person. Effects include coughing, headaches, dizziness, or more serious conditions. It is especially important for respiratory sufferers, those with allergies, asthma, and households with young children or pregnant women to avoid paints with VOCs.
To compare the VOCs from one paint to another is not an easy task. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are helpful, but manufacturers don’t have to list components which make up one per cent or less of the product’s weight. That measure means it is possible that toxic components may not show up on the MSDS. The only sure way to know what the paint contains is by asking the manufacturer to list trace compounds.
There are some paints on the market that are solvent and VOC free. Look for the key words; Low VOC, or better yet No VOC.
Contrary to popular belief, you can paint over oil or alkyd paint with latex paint.
It can be confusing when selecting the sheen of paint you want since the term used for the sheen varies by manufacturer.
Most people select semi-gloss or high-gloss paints for rooms with high moisture levels such as kitchens and bathrooms, and high traffic areas such as main stairways and halls. Most people prefer to use semi-gloss or high-gloss paint on windows, trim and doors.
Bedrooms, dining and living rooms are more commonly painted with lower sheen paints.
Years ago, enamel meant oil-based paints. Today the term enamel can also mean durable latex paint.
Sealers are primarily used on new wood or masonry surfaces. They seal the surface of the material, forming a base coat which keeps the topcoat from being absorbed unevenly. They can be used to encapsulate materials to seal in gases thus preventing them from off gassing.
Primers are used to make the substrate more uniform, and to create a tight bond between the topcoat and the surface to be painted.
Other Types of Paint
Cementitious or masonry paints are used on concrete walls and floors. Ceiling paint is designed so it does not drip. Melamine paint is used for cabinets and shelves, and is very durable and washable.
Measure the height and width of each wall to be painted then multiply to obtain the square footage.
Having the primer tinted the same colour as the finish coat can provide better hiding qualities.
Latex based paints should not be stored for extended periods of time as they can go bad. When buying paint look for the most current date of manufacture on the container.
Brushes and other Tools
Ensure the rollers and paint brushes you buy are rated for the type of paint you are using. Better quality brushes help ensure that the paint strokes are less visible.
Lead in interior paint was taken off the market in 1979. Paint in houses or apartments built before that date almost certainly contain small amounts of lead paint.
For further information on lead, order the free booklet Lead in Your Home from CMHC.
Preparation is the most important and most time consuming part of painting. Usually at least 80 per cent of the time spent on a painting project is spent getting ready and cleaning up.
Vacuum the whole room and damp mop the floor if possible. Wash the surface to be painted with mild detergent and water. If there are grease marks on the walls, or someone in the household smoked, you may need to clean first with TSP (tri-sodium phosphate). If using TSP, be aware that it is not a benign product, and should only be used while wearing rubber gloves and eye protection. Rinse well with clean water.
For very textured walls or ceilings, vacuuming may be the only pre cleaning option.
Painting new drywall/wood
Previously unpainted drywall or plaster must be primed. Previously unpainted wood can be stained, painted or urethaned.
Covering water stains, knot holes etc.
Severely damaged walls
Covering mold/water stains
Mold which appears as dark spots on the painted surface must be washed with soap and water, rinsed and dried before repainting. The cause of the moisture which resulted in mold, if not corrected, will allow the mold to come back.
1. Do not excessively thin paints as this decreases their wear resistance and washability.
2. If you use solvents of any kind, store the used solvents in an old paint container with a seal and take them to the toxic waste centre in your community. Do not pour solvents down the drain.
3. Always paint with a window open and not when the temperature is below 10° C (50° F).
4. You can remove solvent based paint from your skin by using vegetable oil.
5. Smooth evenly painted walls are more readily achievable if you:
6. Sand really well after patching
7. Use a roller which you have taken a lint brush to, before using.
8. Use a roller designated for the type of paint you are using.
9. The surface to be painted has been thoroughly cleaned after sanding
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